Prove that root p +root q is irrational where p,q are prime

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Prove that root p +root q is irrational where p,q are prime

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Adeline 2 months 2021-11-28T16:31:56+00:00 1 Answer 0 views 0

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    2021-11-28T16:33:02+00:00

    Answer:

    First, we’ll assume that √p + √q is rational, where p and q are distinct primes √p + √q = x, where x is rational 

    Rational numbers are closed under multiplication, so if we square both sides, we still get rational numbers on both sides. 

    (√p + √q)² = x² p + 2√(pq) + q = x² 2√(pq) = x² – p – q 

    √(pq) = (x² – p – q) / 2 

    Now x, x², p, q and 2 are all rational, and rational numbers are closed under subtraction and division. So (x² – p – q) / 2 is rational. 

    But since p and q are both primes, then pq is not a perfect square and therefore √(pq) is not rational. But this is a contradiction. Original assumption must be wrong. 

    So √p + √q is irrational, where p and q are distinct primes 

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